15+ Philodendron Types with Pictures and Care Guide

Philodendron plants are American tropical plants that make your home or office beautiful. There are two kinds of philodendrons which are climbing or hanging Philodendrons and Upright Philodendrons.

Most of the indoor plants are climbing vines that look beautiful as they hang in baskets.

They have heart-shaped leaves, which attract the audience. Upright ones have large leaves which take time to grow.

For any philodendron, some care measures are mandatory for a healthy plant. The best part of these plants is one can have any type of them indoors because of the wide varieties across the globe.

Types of Philodendrons:

1. Green Heartleaf Philopendron

It is a climbing or hanging type. This comes under the vining type of plant with dark, green-colored leaves. It has a heart shape. This plant prefers dark or shaded places. As it loves humidity and dark places, these species of plants are placed in bathrooms.

It changes the entire scenery of a bathroom with beauty and fragrance. It has a botanical name, Philodendron scandens which is a scientific one. In simple terms, it is known as sweetheart philodendron. The size of a leaf is One ft. 30 cm. approximately. Despite this is a great species, a smaller number of people prefer it because of the leaf size.

2. Philodendron Brasil

Philodendron Brasil

This Philodendron is a type that has two mixed colors with edges leaves or patterned ones. One can find it in the second color of the leaf. It is a part of the heartleaf philodendron. This vining grows very fast with heart-shaped leaves. Leaves are of lime green and lemon color.

Stems being in greenish pink in color and leaves with bright colors makes a beautiful, unusual hanging basket houseplant. This type also has heart-shaped leaves. This type is tolerant towards low and medium light. Yet bright light can be used because of its vibrant nature.

These are very easy to grow and maintain. It requires only occasional water when the soil is slightly dry. One can prune this plant to prevent floppy lengthy plant growth. Some of the philodendrons have creamy-white, yellow, green as their second color, rare in nature. They are known as “cream splash philodendron,” which cannot be shopped even in online stores.

3. Philodendron Micans

It is also known as Velvetleaf Philopendron. This is a trailing vine plant with heart-shaped leaves. Leaves have a velvet-colored texture along with stunning iridescent foliage (Color changes from angle to angle). As it tends to change colors, this Philodendron may look dark green, light green, or bronze.

This all depends on how the light shines on the leaves. New leaves are in purple, green. The best way to grow this plant is a hanging basket which keeps the plant away from direct sunlight. It gives bright indirect sunlight. Suppose the leaves do.

Not receive proper light, then the color-changing behavior ends, and their trailing vines become leggy.

4. Philodendron Xanadu


This is one of the best examples for the good, non-climbing indoor philodendron category. This has a large leaf with small leaves which has deep lobes. As this grows close together in dense clumps, they are known as Winterbourn. Being a tropical plant size is restricted to the size of the pot used in indoor places.

They grow at a languid pace, unlike the hanging types. It has mounded leaves with green color. They are suitable for normal to medium light places indoors. As it has big leaves, they attract the room, brightening up because of glossy green-lobed leaves.

5. Philodendron Pink Princess

Philodendron Pink Princess

This is one of the beautiful indoor philodendrons. Leaves with a combination of green and pink give a beautiful look that attracts people. This is a fast-growing vining plant that can get a bushy appearance by regularly cutting down unwanted leaves, stems, or dead stems. This has a heart-shaped leaf. It also has reddish color under the leaves. The pink leaves have red-colored stems.

This type is tolerable to a wide range of conditions despite Pink princess have its own needs or requirements. Never keep these types of plants in cold conditions. They require bright indirect sunlight so that the vibrant nature of leaves is alive. Remember to purchase Pink Princess as it is a natural type of plant if you purchase a variety named “Pink Congo” as it has an artificial pink color. Color changed to black after six months.

6. Lacy Tree Philodendron

Lacy Tree Philodendron

It is like Xanadu philodendron as both are from the same species. They look alike. It is also known as Philodendron Selloum or Philodendron bipinnatifidum. The difference between them is Lacy is a specific cultivator of that species. Lacy Tree has deeply lobed leaves which are large, shiny, and waxy. To grow this Philodendron, one requires a large room because of its nature.

Its leaves become huge and start drooping once the plant grows and becomes a mature plant. This can grow up to 3ft. Tall and 6ft. Comprehensive, which is enormous for an indoor philodendron type. Extra care is needed for this type. It is also known as lacy leaf Philodendron, split-leaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Cut-Leaf Philodendron, or Fiddle-leaf Philodendron.

7. Naugahyde Philodendron

The other name for this Philodendron is Rugosum Philodendron. It is also known as the pigskin plant because of its leaves. They have very thick leathery leaves. They have a highly complex pattern on the dark, green-colored heart-shaped leaves.

Because of this nature, one can find this philodendron type is a plastic plant. This type is scarce and difficult to find in garden centers and online stores as well. The distinguishing feature of this plant from the Araceae family is enormous green leaves.

8. Blushing Philodendron

Blushing Philodendron

This is a cultivator with species like the Pink Princess philodendron plant. It has a lovely glossy dark green foliage with arrowhead-shaped or elongated heart-shaped leaves. The name blushing comes from the reddish-purple underside of large philodendron leaves.

It is a climbing type that can grow in a hanging basket. Because of its stout and evergreen climbing nature, it is known a

Red-Leaf Philodendron. This plant has enormous stems, and large eye-catching leaves add high and greenery to any room in homes or offices.

9. Philodendron ‘Moonlight’

Philodendron 'Moonlight'

This is a hybrid plant which is a non-vining and clump-forming plant. It has bright lime green-colored leaves. The fluorescent nature of the leaves can be bright in any shaded corner of the room. Newborn leaves of this plant are sunny-yellow. As time progresses, the color becomes dark.

This is the brightest cultivator philodendron plant. The best place to grow moonlight philodendron indoors is at window stills which are away from the sun. So, east or west-facing windowsills are the perfect place to grow. As they prefer a low-light environment, leaves vibrant nature fades from time to time.

10. Philodendron’ Congo Rojo.’

Philodendron' Congo Rojo.'

This is a new variety of Philodendron, which is available only in warm climatic regions. It is mainly found in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is a large size leaf plant that has an elongated oval shape. It has different shades like green, red, and burgundy.

If you want to grow indoors, you must live in temperature climates. In tropical and sub-tropical regions, this Philodendron grows outdoors. It is tough and rare to find in garden centers. Clumping plants do not have long-growing vines. Instead, it has a bushy appearance because of stiff burgundy stems, which grow large leaves.

11. Philodendron Grazielae

Philodendron Grazielae

This is one of the most exciting philodendrons. This vining plant has thick stems. Leaves are small and have a heart-shaped structure. They can be grown in hanging baskets any indoors, w, which will brighten the darkroom with leaves glossy nature. You can also grow them in containers. By constantly cutting down unwanted or dead stems, you can give a bushy view to this philodendron which is more beautiful to see

12. Philodendron Prince of Orange

Philodendron Prince of Orange

This is also an exciting philodendron cultivator. The name comes from the large coppery-orange leaves which emerge from this plant. As time progress, leaves become mature and turn into dark green. The best place to grow indoors is in a bright place, keeping away from sunlight.

This plant looks stunning because of the color combination of leaves. They grow together, which gives a different shade. This is an upright, non-climbing philodendron type. It can reach an upright of two feet and sixty cm.

13. Philodendron Gloriosum

Philodendron Gloriosum

This is a species that has dark green leaves and white veins. Leaves are enormous and heart in shape. Leaves have a crawling variety of dark green colors with white margins and purple-colored veins. One needs plenty of space to grow this philodendron. The soft green heart-shaped leaves can grow up to three feet tall.

Because of thick wood stems which grow in different directions

Which gives this Philodendron a unique structure? The best grow in shady places or partly shaded places. Along with other philodendrons, keep the soil moist and do not overwater regularly. This might damage the growth of the philodendron.

14. Philodendron White Knight

Philodendron White Knight

The native of this Philodendron is South America. It is like the same species of Pink Princess Philodendron. This is a rare hybrid plant that is not found in garden centers or online. It has white splotches on green leaves and purple/cream-colored stems. This grows at a very slow pace. It is a climbing philodendron type. If you trim the stems every six months, one can give a bushy appearance to this plant.

15. Philodendron Hastatum

Philodendron Hastatum

This philodendron type is native to Brazil. It is also known as Philodendron Silver Sword. Leaves are elongated in shape, which changes color from green to grey t

Blue or grey to green as the leaves mature. This type is a hanging or climbing philodendron type. It is a climber which can be pinched back from occasion to occasion. The scientific name for this Philodendron is glaucophyllum Philodendron.

16. Philodendron Elephant Ear

Philodendron Elephant Ear

It is a vast philodendron plant that creates a tropical ambiance at your place, whether it is a home, office, or shop. This Philodendron is suitable for both indoors and outdoors. They can grow to four feet tall and three feet wide. They can grow in containers. They prefer indirect sunlight. If plants are indoor, one needs to water the plants once a week. Allow rainwater to slide over the plants if they are placed outdoors.

17. Fiddleleaf Philodendron

A native of this Philodendron is from Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay to the rain forests of West Brazil. It gives the feel of tropical indoors. It has a long left, which has a length of 15-30 cm. It has either fibble or horse-shaped leaves. To prevent it from flopping, please tie it with a stack. This is one of the best Philodendrons. The botanical name is Philodendron bipennifolium.

Care Measures

Few necessary care measures to follow for healthy Philodendrons are light requirements, soil mix in pots, water a philodendron, temperature conditions, and fertilization of philodendrons.

Light Requirements for healthy Philodendrons

The first and most crucial step is the light requirement. All philodendrons favor medium to bright light. Ensure that they are placed away from direct sunlight. Some philodendrons which have darkly shaded and colored leaves favor low light. Variegated philodendron plants require bright light. Before buying a philodendron, one needs to choose the type based on the place’s surroundings wisely.

Soil Mix in pots for Philodendrons

Choose pots with soil that has excellent drainage and can hold some moisture. A perfect potting mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil should create the perfect medium for Philodendron plants to thrive indoors. Water poured, or rainwater should come out from the pots through the holes. Still, the soil must be moist while watering.

The Perfect Way of Watering Philodendron

Constantly water the philodendron indoor plant when the top layer of the soil is dried. Never overwater the plant. While watering green leafy Philodendron, ensure that it is entirely soaked in the soil.

By doing this, roots get enough water for a longer time before being waterlogged. Watering the plant when the soil is partly dry can protect the plant from fungus gnats. Use fresh water while watering to prevent any diseases.

Temperature and Humidity for Philodendrons

Philodendrons from tropical and sub-tropical regions require a considerable amount of humidity. Ensure that pot is placed in an excellent humid place indoors. One can mist the leaves for healthy plants.

Average room temperatures are suitable for the healthy growth of these philodendrons. The temperature should be between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 80 degrees of Fahrenheit. Cool climatic philodendrons do not require these care measures.

Fertilization for Healthy Philodendron

The best fertilizer is a liquid fertilizer with both micro and macronutrients. Ensure that fertilization is done once a month between the summer and spring season.

These two seasons are growing seasons of philodendrons. Never fertilize the indoor philodendrons during the fall and winter seasons. At that time, there will be no growth of philodendron plants.

Healthy Food

Proper food and healthy food to be given at the correct time and season. Feed your Philodendron monthly in the spring and summer with a basic houseplant food diluted to half the recommended strength.


Philodendron plants are poisonous to animals and human beings. Some leaves release white-colored liquid when you press them. Please be away from plants while pruning, cleaning plants. Typically, ingestion will result in swelling of the lips and tongue and stomach irritation with possible vomiting.

Wash the leaves frequently to protect them from any fungus or dust which can destroy the whole plant. 24/7 care is required for the healthy growth of Philodendron.

These beautiful philodendrons, which can change the landscape indoors by giving a new and attractive view, can be purchased online or at garden centers. Whenever you buy this kind of plant, all the above steps need to follow.

Never neglect for one day too, which might end the life of a plant. Plants are essential to our lives. Protect plants, and they will protect you.

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