Who does not like the taste of fresh berries? When someone thinks about berries, they assume that the berries are the type of fruit that is small seedless and, juicy. But little did we know that 23 types of berries are found all over the world. Apart from a mouth-watering taste, berries have many medicinal values.
Different varieties of berries are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other nutrients. Some of the healthiest types of berries are blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries. Some exotic types of berries such as goji and acai berries are highly praised for their health benefits.
Before jumping on the types, let us give it a chance to understand what does berry means? According to the definition in botanical terms, a berry is “a simple fruit with seeds and pulp produced from a single ovary of a single flower.” And we may not know this, but botanically, grapes, cucumbers, tomatoes, oranges, watermelons, pumpkins, and even bananas can also be classed as berries.
The most exciting part is strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries are not part of the berry family! There are exotic berries, non-berry family members, and many unusual types of berries that we did not know earlier.
Today, in this article, we will be discovering 23 kinds of berries with a Picture and Common Name.
Let us look to find out more details about some of the most popular and not so famous types of berries we should try to include in our diet and enjoy the health benefits.
List of Berries with Their Picture and Name:
Cranberries are the source of plenty of various vitamins and antioxidants, and they are experts recommended most of the time.
Since they are a tart-tasting type of red berries, they are extremely rich in vitamin C and are packed with fiber.
It is said that earlier in Native America, cranberries were used to treat kidney diseases and other bladder-related issues. Not only that, due to medicinal value, it was used to treat poor appetite, blood disorders, and other stomach complaints. Till now, it is the best treatment for Urinary tract Infection (UTI).
The best way to consume is by including processed jams and juice in the diet. Since they have a tart taste, so they are often sold in marketing containing preservative sugar.
These sweet-tasting, juicy, dark-colored fleshy berries are called Blackberries. The dark color of these berries is present due to the presence of a pigment called Anthocynanis.
These dark berries have medicinal properties to protect against the diseases like high blood pressure and even cancer. They have also been linked to having a positive impact on mental health as well. The pigment (anthocyanins) helps improving eyesight.
They are suggested to be included in the diet by the nutrients because of the low-fat and high fiber content. Due to reasons like these, they can keep cholesterol in check. Similarly, they are suitable for maintaining heart health.
They are also a good source of vitamin C and K as well.
These small and round berries are often confused with blackberries. Though both are berries, they belong to two different plant genres, but to differentiate on a physical level. They have larger seeds than blueberries; hence may have a tarter taste to blueberries. They range from red to blue.
Huckleberries are a type of wild berry that is rarely intentionally ever cultivated, and due to this reason, it is comparatively difficult to find them in the local markets.
Huckleberries are considered to have immunity strengthening properties since they are rich in fiber content and are a great source of vitamin C. They help build collagen production in one’s skin hence making one look younger. They also prevent diseases like anemia.
Chokeberry is also known as Aronia berry. It is a type of sour berry in the berries family that looks almost alike to blueberries but has a much darker, almost blackish color.
It contains antioxidants and other chemicals that may help protect the heart from diseases and maintain cholesterol levels. According to few studies, they may also have properties even to kill the cancer cells.
Chokeberry is bitter-tasting berries, and this is due to the presence of high levels of tannins. Eating a few of these dark types of berries can leave our mouths feeling dry and bitter. Due to this reason, it is mostly consumed in the form of jams, syrups, etc.
These berries among the list of berries have countless health benefits, such as they can maintain heart health, prevent the common cold, lower high cholesterol levels, and in general, it boosts the
immune system. During Covid-19, though there is no study to support this idea, people worldwide consume to prevent lung diseases and maintain health. However, consuming it raw should be avoided due to the saturation of chemical content.
Elderberries are often added to the diets using preparing tea or syrups.
Gooseberries are the type of berries that are sour to taste, and they tend to grow on small bushes and are usually of green color during the infant period of growth.
Indian gooseberries are used to make Ayurvedic medicines for thousands of years. It is known to have properties that combat high cholesterol, maintain heart health, settle heartburns, and are prominently used for curing diarrhea, nausea, and even cancer.
The color changes from red, purple, yellow to white berries.
Since it consists of a high level of anthocyanins, it is rich in various fiber, vitamins, and other nutrients. Due to this reason, it is advised to be added to the diet by nutritionists.
Another type of red berry among the list of berries is the lingonberry. It has a bitter taste and tends to grow on small bushes.
This berry is widely used to make medicine. Out of many healing properties, it is used to cure urinary tract infections (UTI), kidney stones, gout, and other conditions.
It is avoided to be consumed directly, so it is sold out in the market in jams, syrups, smoothies, etc. They are extremely rich in vitamin C and have a high amount of trace minerals that amplify the nutritional value of foods added in.
A cross between a variety of blackberry and a loganberry or possibly a red raspberry, this dark reddish berry with a tangy and sweet flavor is called Boysenberry.
Since it is a hybrid, it does not consist of many vitamins or fiber content other berries among berries. It is grown chiefly for the means of preservatives to be added in pies and cobbles.
Studies indicate that eating these small juicy red berries may help reduce blood pressure levels and help prevent fat absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.
9. Red Currants and Black Currants
Red currants are one of the “super fruits” due to pigments like polyphenol and cyanidin that tend to elevate the antioxidant levels. It also consists of vitamin C, vitamin K, Manganese, and Potassium.
Even after having a tarty and tangy taste, it still has some sweetness from the inside. The astringent taste of this variety of berries may leave the mouth feeling somewhat dry, although not too dry and bitter as chokeberries. Due to these reasons, it is often consumed in jams, syrups, jelly, and baked food.
Black currents consist of antioxidants, have antibacterial and antiviral properties that tend to enhance the immunity system killing cancer cells. It is rich in Anthocyanins; hence it is dark in color plus this pigment also promotes other health benefits.
The antioxidants present neutralizes the harmful free radicles preventing cell damage and combating chronic diseases.
Strawberries are the most famous and highly liked fruit among the list of berries. It is the most popular summer fruit in the world for decades. Strawberries can also grow to become some of the most extensive types of berries you can buy.
The sweetness with the hint of tarty taste consists of antioxidants’. Jampack does not contribute to sugar levels and is an ideal choice for a diabetic patient. It helps prevent heart diseases, maintains blood pressure, eases constipation, and has many other health benefits.
Although not classed as a type of true berry, some people put strawberries on the list of berries considered superfoods since it is rich in vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and fiber.
Blackberry is that fruit whose leaf, root, and itself are used to make medicines. It is used to treat diarrhea, fluid retention, diabetes, inflammation, throat infection, and many other conditions. It consists of a pigment that helps combat cancer cells.
Although blackberries are not considered as one of the actual berries, for many people, it is one of the tastiest berry fruits that they can have.
Unlike other berries from the list of berries, it is advised to consume it in the raw form, and it is also proven to be best among the other berries. It is also great for maintaining heart health.
12. Red, Black, Golden, and White Raspberry
Raspberry is another type of berry among the berries that are mostly classified as a super fruit since it offers incredible health benefits. They exist in various colors, and every raspberry of a different color has a unique composition of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
In fact, from all the fruits on the list of healthy berries, raspberries come out top in terms of dietary fiber. It tends to neutralize the free radicles hence preventing heart diseases and maintaining overall health.
The consumption of red raspberries has been linked to being reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and is also helping with type 2 diabetes. It even maintains eye health.
Did you know that other types of raspberries maybe even healthier for you than the red varieties?
13. Black Raspberries
Black raspberries almost look like blackberries, but they are a black variety of raspberries. Since we already know about the pigment concentration, so they are extremely rich in anthocyanins. According to the studies, the black variety of raspberries is beneficial for lowering inflammation and lowering the cholesterol level. They have also been linked to preventing and curing cancer.
14. Golden Raspberries
Golden raspberries are the most unusual type of berry among the berries list, but it is not a hybrid, and it does have many health benefits. Since Golden Raspberries have a significantly less calory count, are rich in vitamin A and C, and are filled with fiber, scientists often categorize them in the superfruits sectionperfruits.
It has a sweet-scented taste which is not tarte like other types of berries.
15. White Raspberries
This is one of the rarest types of raspberry among the list of berries is white raspberry. Its botanical name is Rubus leucodermis. The name itself means “white skinned.”
Although white raspberry is not technically the botanical variety of the raspberry family that is, in fact, entirely white, there are some yellow raspberry varieties as well that may look so pale that they appear almost white.
Olallieberry is a type of hybrid between loganberry and youngberry, and it is called olallieberry. It is dark in color that has a physical appearance like plump blackberry or black raspberry. Since it has a close relation to blackberry, it shares almost the same genetic material.
It has high nutrition value. It has benefits like; strengthens bones, boosts immunity, prevents congenital disabilities, improves digestion, it is an excellent source of vitamin E, so it is excellent for the skin. It has a high content of antioxidants. It is also preventing cancer cells from growing as well.
Mulberries are called Morus as the botanical name. These berries grow wild and are generally grown in a relatively temperate region.
Due to the pigment’s saturation, it comes in various colors such as black, purple, red, and even white types of berries. The berries have a sweet fruity-scented taste with a hint of the tarty mixture.
Since it grows in the wild and is fragile, it tends to fall on the ground most often, so it can pick fresh or even is available in the market quite easily, or harvesting them in one’s garden is another convenient choice.
Like other varieties of the berry family, they also tend to consist of healthy nutrients linked to improving cardiovascular health, managing type 2 diabetes, and managing metabolism.
18. Açai Berries
Açai berries are small black-purple berries that look almost like grapes, and they tend to grow on the açai palm tree. It shares a wide range of health benefits like it is commonly used for arthritis, high cholesterol increases the metabolic rate, and even promotes healing properties in the skin.
It has low caloric value; hence, the nutritionist is also advised to cut down the weight.
Besides consuming it raw, it is also converted into fresh juices and even eaten in fine form.
According to studies, açai blackberry powder tends to have very high polyphenols and other antioxidants that tend to repair damaged cells.
19. Goji Berries<
Goji berries are tiny red berries having exceptional medicinal properties consisting of antioxidants. It has a slightly sweet taste and has a slightly sour taste.
Goji berries are a type of berries among the list of berries that are grouped under superfoods. It is comparatively difficult to buy fresh goji berries for some reason, but they are available in the market as red dried berries. According to the studies, consuming just an ounce (28 g) of these super berries satisfies half the daily vitamin A requirement and similarly 10% of the fiber requirements.
Since goji berries are usually sold dried in the market, they tend to have a delightful taste with a hint of slight bitterness. Most Asian countries tend to use goji berries in baked goods to cut down on sugar intake, with a surplus increase in the nutritional value.
According to a few studies, due to high levels of antioxidants, such as present in the goji berries, might help slow down the aging process and maintain youth, amplify immunity, and improve overall health.
Physalis, also known as cape gooseberry, is orange-colored among the berries that belong to fruits in the nightshade family. Physalis berries are also called ground cherries, golden berries, or Cape gooseberries.
It has versatile properties; it has a rich vitamin C source and other antioxidants and can either be eaten raw or converted into jams and jellies. Due to properties like these, it reduces inflammation, strengthens your immune system, and has nutrients that are good for vision.
They have a sweet taste that is almost like tropical fruits such as mangoes or pineapples. One can choose to have them raw or add them in a smoothie or in a savory salad to taste some sweetness.
Cloudberry, also called Rubus Chamaemorus in its botanical name, often grows in the north temperate zone. It has a sweet taste with a hint of the subtle tart taste. It is said that cloudberries are a cross between redcurrants and red raspberries.
It is quite rare to find these healthy golden berries in the market in many countries. On the contrary, these are highly nutritious berries that Scandinavians enjoyed, where the berries grow naturally.
Interestingly, compared to other berries, they are a good source of protein.
The goodness in cloudberries comes from the rich antioxidant content in vitamin A, citric acid, and anthocyanins.
Pineberries are an unusual type of berry because they look like strawberries that have lost their original color, aiding to the surprise they taste like a pineapple. It is a hybrid cross from Fragaria chiloensis and fragaria virginiana. This type of berry is disease resistant, so it is sold at a high price in the market.
Pineberries have pale white flesh and bright red seeds. These white berries are extremely good for the health. They have a similar fiber content as the strawberries and do contain trace amounts of vitamins and minerals.
The salmonberries, which are also known by their botanical name, Rubus Spectabilis, are bright golden with a hint of the orange type of berry fruit that looks like an orange raspberry.
The general time frame of its growth starts from early spring to early summer. These berries are grown in coastal regions where the rain level is high. They are either consumed or drying them out.
Despite their unusual appearance, salmonberries are very good for overall health. As with all berries, salmonberries are low in calories and fat but high in fiber and vitamins.
Adding salmonberries to desserts creates a splash of orange or reddish-orange color depending on their ripeness. These orange berries also taste sweet and have very juicy flesh.