Who does not like the taste of fresh berries? When someone thinks about berries, they assume berries are some kind of small seedless juicy fruit. Little did we know that there are several types of berries that are found all over the world. Apart from a mouth-watering taste, berries do have several medicinal values.
Berries are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other nutrients. Some of the healthiest types of berries are blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries. Some exotic types of berries such as goji and acai berries are highly praised for their health benefits.
Since we are on the subject of berries, did you know strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries are not part of the berry family? There are exotic berries, non-berry family members, and many unusual types of berries that we did not know earlier. In this blog, we will talk about the 22 kinds of berries.
List of Various Types Berries: Exotic Fruits of All Time
Cranberries are the source of plenty of various vitamins and antioxidants. It is known to treat all kinds of illnesses like kidney diseases, bladder issues, poor appetite, blood disorders, and other stomach complaints.
Blueberries are sweet- tasting dark coloured berries known for their medical properties. Due to the the presence of Anthocynais, these berries are dark in colour and are rich in vitamin C and K.
These small and round berries are often confused with blackberries. Even though both are berries, they belong to two different plant genres. But to differentiate on a physical level, they have larger seeds and have a tarter taste to blueberries. They range from red to blue. Huckleberries are a type of wild berry that is rarely cultivated, and due to this reason, it is comparatively difficult to find them in the local markets.
Huckleberries are considered to have immunity strengthening properties since they are rich in fiber content and are a great source of vitamin C. They help build collagen in the body, making one look younger. They also prevent diseases like anemia.
Chokeberry is also known as Aronia berry is a type of sour berry that is similar to blueberries but has a much darker, almost blackish in colour. It contains antioxidants and other chemicals that may help protect the heart from diseases and maintain cholesterol levels. According to few studies, they may also have properties even to kill the cancer cells.
They are bitter-tasting berries, which is due to the presence of high levels of tannins. Eating a few of these dark types of berries can leave our mouths feeling dry and bitter. Due to this reason, it is mostly consumed in the form of jams, syrups, etc.
These berries have countless health benefits, such as preventing a common cold, lowering high cholesterol levels, and in general, boosting the immune system. People worldwide consume these berries to prevent lung diseases and maintain health. Elderberries are often added to the diets using preparing tea or syrups.
Despite being sour, Gooseberries are eaten to combat high cholesterol, maintain heart health, settle heartburns, and used to cure diarrhoea, nausea, and cancer. The berries are rich in various fibre, vitamins and have a high level of anthocyanin.
Found growing in the woodlands and moorlands of Sweden, Lingonberries are used to make potato pancakes, Swedish meatballs and cabbage rolls. Said to be acidic in flavour, the berries are also used to make jams.
Boysenberries are a combination of a loganberry and a red raspberry and has a tangy, sweet flavour. It is used in pies and cobbles and helps reduce high blood pressure and prevents absorption of fat in the gastrointestinal tract.
9. Red Currants and Black Currants
Rich in pigments like polyphenol and cyanidin, red currants help elevate the antioxidant levels. The berries are rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, Manganese, and Potassium. With its tarty and tangy taste, the red currants are used in jams, syrups, jelly and baked food. Rich in antioxidants, antibacterial and antiviral properties, black currants improve the immunity system killing the cancer cells.
Strawberries are one of the most popular fruits found all over the world, known for its tarty taste consisting of antioxidants. It helps prevent heart diseases, maintains blood pressure, eases constipation, and has many other health benefits. It is rich in vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and fiber.
Have you eaten one of the most exotic berry yet? If not, then you have no idea what you are missing out on. With one bite, people will enjoy the burst of sweetness in their mouth. It is used to make medicines to treat diarrhea, fluid retention, diabetes, inflammation, throat infection, and many other conditions.
12. Black Raspberries
Black raspberries almost look like blackberries, but they are a black variety of raspberries. Since we already know about the pigment concentration, so they are extremely rich in anthocyanins. According to the studies, the black variety of raspberries is beneficial for lowering inflammation and lowering the cholesterol level. They have also been linked to preventing and curing cancer.
13. Golden Raspberries
Golden raspberries are the most unusual type of berries. It is rich in vitamin A and C, and are filled with fibre. Scientists often categorize them in the super fruits section per fruits. It has a sweet-scented taste which is not tarte like other types of berries.
14. White Raspberries
This is one of the rarest types of raspberry among the list of berries is white raspberry. Its botanical name is Rubus leucodermis. The name itself means “white skinned.”
Although white raspberry is not technically the botanical variety of the raspberry family that is, in fact, entirely white, there are some yellow raspberry varieties as well that may look so pale that they appear almost white.
Olallieberry is a type of hybrid between loganberry and youngberry. It has high nutrition value and strengthens bones, boosts immunity, prevents congenital disabilities, improves digestion, it is an excellent source of vitamin E. It has a high content of antioxidants.
Also called Morus, Mulberries thrive in temperate regions. Due to the pigment’s saturation, it comes in various colors such as black, purple, red, and white. The berries have a sweet fruity-scented taste with a hint of the tarty mixture. Like other varieties of the berry family, they have healthy nutrients linked to improving cardiovascular health, managing type 2 diabetes, and managing metabolism.
17. Açai Berries
Açai berries are small black-purple berries that look like grapes. It shares a wide range of health benefits like curing arthritis and high cholesterol.
According to studies, açai blackberry powder tend to have very high polyphenols and other antioxidants that tend to repair damaged cells.
18. Goji Berries
Goji berries are tiny red berries with exceptional medicinal properties consisting of antioxidants. According to the studies, consuming just an ounce (28 g) of these super berries satisfies the daily vitamin A and fibre requirement.
The berries can be used to make ice creams and soup. The berries have a sweet and tangy taste and can be used in herbal teas or smoothies. According to a few studies, due to high levels of antioxidants, such as present in the goji berries will improve one’s health.
Belonging to the nightshade family, the orange coloured berries, Physalis are also known as ground cherries, golden berries, or Cape gooseberries. Rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, it reduces inflammation, strengthens your immune system. It can be used to make jams and jellies.
The flavours of the berries offer a sweet taste, which offers a feeling of eating a mango or pineapple. It can be eaten raw or in a smoothie or salad.
Also known as Rubus Chamaemorus, Cloudberry offers a sweet and subtle sour that transports people into heaven. It does look like a cross between redcurrants and red raspberries.
These berries are high in protein and do have a few other nutritional values like vitamin A, citric acid, and anthocyanins.
Pale white in colour, Pineberries are the oldest forms of strawberries with bright red seeds. They are a hybrid cross from Fragaria chiloensis and fragaria virginiana and are an excellent source of Vitamin C and fibre, potassium, and phosphorus.
The bright golden berries that look like an orange raspberry, salmonberries are commonly known as Rubus Spectabilis. Found in the coastal regions, the berries thrive during early spring and early summer. Used to make desserts, the berries are low in calories and high in fibre and vitamins.